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Intel Takes A Giant Step To Put Quantum Computers At Home Or In The Office

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Intel Takes A Giant Step To Put Quantum Computers At Home Or In The Office

50 years ago, Intel and IBM revolutionized computing with the development of the first PCs. Half a century later, they are doing the same, but in the field of quantum computers. Interestingly, it uses a parallel similar to the beginnings of computer science.

Today, Intel introduced its new control chip for quantum computers Horse Ridge, which greatly reduces its size, while improving scalability and reliability.

The objective? Ensure that quantum computers can be used in practical tasks. And in the future, people can use it in the office or at home, as is the case with conventional PCs.

This is completely new stuff for many people. We will explain it so that everyone can understand.

What is Quantum Computing?

Classical computing is based on binary logic. The minimum unit of information is the bit, which can be a 0 or a 1. Quantum computing uses the states of the atom to run computers.

In quantum computing, the ulna, which replaces the bit, can be both 0 and 1, due to the laws of quantum mechanics applied to atoms. It is what is called superposition. The number of cubits indicates the number of bits that may be overlapping.

As you can imagine, the possibility of handling data that are both 0 and 1 opens the doors to new algorithms. Quantum computers solve problems that are unsolvable with classical computing. They are also infinitely faster than computers based on the passage of electricity, working at the atomic level.

The problem with quantum computers is that the cubits lose their superposition state very quickly, in less than 100 milliseconds. Therefore, it requires a very complicated circuitry, which also requires a complex cooling system to keep the cubits stable during the processes of calculation.

That’s why the  IBM Q System One, the first commercial quantum computer in history, measures 3 meters high by 3 meters wide. As an entire room, just like computers from 60 years ago.

The IBM Q System One is a milestone, but it only reaches 20 cubits, which is much in terms of raw calculations, but little in relation to what quantum computing will be able to offer. You can see it in this video:

This is where Intel’s announcement today fits into the 2020 International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC) that is being held in San Francisco. As it happened half a century ago, Intel, in collaboration with QuTech, has presented a chip that reduces the size of (quantum) computers, while improving their scalability.

What Horse Ridge Can Do

Current commercial quantum computers are large and do not handle many cubits simultaneously. Therefore, they still cannot be used to solve many practical, real-world problems.

With the SoC called Horse Ridge that Intel has presented, up to 128 cubits can be controlled, greatly reducing the circuitry needed to keep these cubits stable. In other words, with Horse Ridge, Intel can build smaller and much more powerful quantum computers.

Horse Ridge also improves data reliability, thanks to its multiplexing technology that allows you to adjust with high precision the frequency at which the different cubits move.

There is still a lot of processes to enjoy quantum computers at home or at work. But today’s Intel announcement is a very important step in this direction.

Ben is a digital entrepreneur and founder of OnTechEdge.com. He is a technology passionate who loves sharing his ideas on smartphones and gadgets. He looks forward to imparting the spectrum of his insight and verdicts on the ‘Technology-driven world’ of today. He plans to take OntechEdge forward with the consistent support from you readers, friends and family! Ben Kemp is also author of the book "How To Tell a Story On Social Media in 2020". Direct email address: [email protected]

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